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  • Final Exam Exam in Unit 1
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  • Length: 75 questions
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Exam
1)

 An OTA with 20 years of experience is asked to use neuromuscular electrical stimulation
before having an individual prepare a light meal. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 1 -  An OTA with 20 years of experience is asked to use neuromuscular electrical stimulation before having an individual prepare a light meal. The OTA should:
Ask the occupational therapist to observe the treatment.
Ask the PT to administer the procedure.
Provide the procedure and document the results after the intervention.
Provide the procedure only if service competency has been established.
2)

An OTA is working with an individual who has problems following motor commands and initiating familiar activities, such as dressing. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 2 - An OTA is working with an individual who has problems following motor commands and initiating familiar activities, such as dressing. The OTA should:
Provide short concrete repetitive instructions, including demonstration and tactile input.
Place materials on the affected side and approach the individual from the same side.
Use a mirror and have the individual identify clothing and body parts.
Place clothing on a bedcover that is a contrasting color.
3)

An OTA is working with an individual who has difficulty performing motor acts necessary to put on clothes. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 3 - An OTA is working with an individual who has difficulty performing motor acts necessary to put on clothes. The OTA should:
Ask a family member to dress the individual.
Use the remedial or transfer of training approach.
Combine several approaches, such as NDT, functional, and adaptive.
Provide constant verbal cues for dressing.
4)

An OTA is working with an individual in a home health setting. The family reports that the
individual can remember a fishing trip from 2 years ago but cannot remember the names of
family members. The OTA should inform the family that the individual has deficits in:

(2pts)
Question 4 - An OTA is working with an individual in a home health setting. The family reports that the individual can remember a fishing trip from 2 years ago but cannot remember the names of family members. The OTA should inform the family that the individual has deficits in:
Both declarative and semantic memory.
Everyday memory, but long-term memory is intact.
Long-term memory, but perspective memory is intact.
Working memory, but long-term memory is intact.
5)

An OTA is working with an individual with a TBI who is disoriented. The OTA should
INITIALLY:

(2pts)
Question 5 - An OTA is working with an individual with a TBI who is disoriented. The OTA should INITIALLY:
Provide basic information in a matter-of-fact tone.
Ask the individual to identify the month and year.
Ask the individual to draw a picture of a familiar setting.
Ask the individual to identify the medical setting.
6)

An OTA is treating an individual who complains of dizziness and that his skin feels cold and clammy. The OTA should INITIALLY:

(2pts)
Question 6 - An OTA is treating an individual who complains of dizziness and that his skin feels cold and clammy. The OTA should INITIALLY:
Monitor the individual for 10 minutes to see if the symptoms subside.
Change the activity to one that is less strenuous.
Transfer the individual to the wheelchair and return him to his room.
Stop the activity, have the individual rest, and seek medical help if the symptoms do not resolve.
7)

The benefits of administering standardized tests include:

(2pts)
Question 7 - The benefits of administering standardized tests include:
They are easy to administer following specific directions.
They are normed, reliable, and valid.
They provide for creativity.
They are cost effective because the OTA can administer the tests.
8)

An individual with central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction would like to resume watercolor painting. Using the Rood theory, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 8 - An individual with central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction would like to resume watercolor painting. Using the Rood theory, the OTA should:
Ask the individual to stand while painting.
Ask the individual to shift weight during the activity.
Provide intervention that initially strengthens heavy-work muscles.
Ask the individual to initially paint using finger paints.
9)

An OTA is working on a cooking activity with an individual who has touch toe weight-bearing restrictions. The OTA should describe this restriction as:

(2pts)
Question 9 - An OTA is working on a cooking activity with an individual who has touch toe weight-bearing restrictions. The OTA should describe this restriction as:
Half of the body weight can be placed on the operated leg.
The individual should imagine that an egg is under his foot.
The individual can determine the amount of weight to put on the operated leg without causing pain.
The individual should not place any weight on his operated leg.
10)

The occupational therapist asks an OTA to evaluate a client’s range of motion, strength, and sensation. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 10 - The occupational therapist asks an OTA to evaluate a client’s range of motion, strength, and sensation. The OTA should:
Use a book to determine the proper way to evaluate.
Complete the evaluation if service competency has been established.
Refuse to do the evaluation because it is the role of the occupational therapist.
Ask the occupational therapist to co-evaluate.
11)

 During a hygiene activity, the OTA observes an individual overreaching for the toothpaste
and knocking over the mouthwash. The OTA should inform the OT supervisor that the
individual may have deficits related to:

(2pts)
Question 11 -  During a hygiene activity, the OTA observes an individual overreaching for the toothpaste and knocking over the mouthwash. The OTA should inform the OT supervisor that the individual may have deficits related to:
Ataxia
Dyssynergia
Dysmetria
Athetoid movements
12)

An OTA is working with an individual who extends the affected arm to prevent falling after
losing balance when reaching to turn on the water. This is an example of:

(2pts)
Question 12 - An OTA is working with an individual who extends the affected arm to prevent falling after losing balance when reaching to turn on the water. This is an example of:
Weight bearing.
Protective reaction.
Automatic movement.
Motor performance.
13)

An OTA is working with an individual who is a housekeeper at a large hotel and is using a wheelchair for mobility after breaking a leg. The BEST therapeutic activity to help prepare for returning to work would be:

(2pts)
Question 13 - An OTA is working with an individual who is a housekeeper at a large hotel and is using a wheelchair for mobility after breaking a leg. The BEST therapeutic activity to help prepare for returning to work would be:
Practice picking items off the floor using a reacher.
Clean the hospital room and focus on the tasks the individual can do with minimal assistance from the OTA.
Clean the hospital room, simulating all the tasks involved in the individual’s job.
Practice dusting the furniture using adaptive equipment.
14)

An OTA is working with an individual with PD. The individual has tremors and would like
to continue meeting with friends for afternoon tea. The OTA should suggest:

(2pts)
Question 14 - An OTA is working with an individual with PD. The individual has tremors and would like to continue meeting with friends for afternoon tea. The OTA should suggest:
Propping the elbow on the table and keeping arms against the trunk.
Using an adapted cup with built-up handles.
Using a child’s cup with two handles and built-in straw.
Drinking tea from an unbreakable glass using a straw.
15)

An OTA is working with an individual with a brain injury in a rehabilitation setting. During a
homemaking activity, the individual put the blankets on before the sheets and laid the
pillowcases on top of the pillows. This would indicate a deficit in:

(2pts)
Question 15 - An OTA is working with an individual with a brain injury in a rehabilitation setting. During a homemaking activity, the individual put the blankets on before the sheets and laid the pillowcases on top of the pillows. This would indicate a deficit in:
Constructional apraxia.
Body scheme.
Ideomotor apraxia.
Right left discrimination.
16)

An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who has a sublexed GH joint. During a
tabletop activity, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 16 - An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who has a sublexed GH joint. During a tabletop activity, the OTA should:
Let the arm dangle.
Tape the head of the humerus.
Apply a sling.
Position the arm on the table.
17)

An OTA is working with an individual who enjoys gardening, especially planting tulip and daffodil bulbs, and experiences pain while planting. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 17 - An OTA is working with an individual who enjoys gardening, especially planting tulip and daffodil bulbs, and experiences pain while planting. The OTA should:
Suggest that the individual grow indoor plants that do not require planting.
Encourage the individual to pursue a new leisure activity.
Encourage the individual to ask a friend to plant the bulbs.
Suggest that the individual break the task into small steps.
18)

An OTA is conducting a home evaluation for an individual who has multiple sclerosis. The
focus should include:

(2pts)
Question 18 - An OTA is conducting a home evaluation for an individual who has multiple sclerosis. The focus should include:
Caregiver training and disease education.
Remodeling and community resources.
Fall prevention, adaptive devices, and simple modifications.
Family involvement and discussion of future placement.
19)

 An OTA is working in a home health setting and is teaching a family member proper
positioning and joint protection for an individual with hypotonia. The OTA should emphasize
the importance of:

(2pts)
Question 19 -  An OTA is working in a home health setting and is teaching a family member proper positioning and joint protection for an individual with hypotonia. The OTA should emphasize the importance of:
Preventing trauma to joint structures.
Using physical agent modalities.
Stimulating specific muscle groups.
Balancing using weights to increase strength with exercise.
20)

An OTA is working with a woman with a spinal cord injury who is newly married and would
like to plan a family. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 20 - An OTA is working with a woman with a spinal cord injury who is newly married and would like to plan a family. The OTA should:
Refer the individual to the physician.
Inform the individual that females with an SCI can conceive and give birth.
Ask the individual to discuss the topic with the occupational therapist.
Provide information on complications related to pregnancy and childbirth.
21)

An individual who has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has upper extremity weakness and
decreased balance. The individual would like to prepare a simple meal. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 21 - An individual who has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has upper extremity weakness and decreased balance. The individual would like to prepare a simple meal. The OTA should:
Ask a family member to attend therapy and provide assistance to the individual to help him meet his goal.
Teach the individual to delegate tasks that he may not be able to complete successfully.
Suggest that the individual focus on exercise to improve strength.
Provide adaptive equipment to carry objects and teach energy conservation techniques.
22)

An OTA is teaching an individual to independently negotiate a ramp. The OTA should instruct
 the individual to:

(2pts)
Question 22 - An OTA is teaching an individual to independently negotiate a ramp. The OTA should instruct  the individual to:
Keep the breaks engaged slightly in case the wheelchair rolls backward.
Move up the ramp backward using the lower extremity to move the wheelchair.
Lean slightly forward while propelling the wheelchair.
Start on a flat surface and gain speed when approaching the ramp.
23)

An individual with stroke who has cognitive deficits becomes angry, refuses to participate in
therapy, and lashes out at the OTA. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 23 - An individual with stroke who has cognitive deficits becomes angry, refuses to participate in therapy, and lashes out at the OTA. The OTA should:
Discuss the behavior with other members of the treatment team and suggest discontinuation until the behaviors improve.
Ask the family to intervene and address the behaviors.
Request that the physician prescribe medications to control the behavior.
Ask the family to provide information on previous behavior and prior coping methods.
24)

An individual, who is receiving chemotherapy, becomes alarmed when abnormal bleeding occurs while brushing her teeth. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 24 - An individual, who is receiving chemotherapy, becomes alarmed when abnormal bleeding occurs while brushing her teeth. The OTA should:
Explain that abnormal bleeding is one of the side effects of chemotherapy when platelet count is low and may last a few days.
Ask the individual if she would prefer to only rinse her mouth instead of brushing her teeth until the bleeding stops.
Immediately report the bleeding to the physician.
Explain that bleeding is normal and may continue for several weeks.
25)

When designing a splint, the OTA should FIRST:

(2pts)
Question 25 - When designing a splint, the OTA should FIRST:
Make several of the same splints to be used in the future.
Address functional limitations that may be created by wearing the splint.
Thoroughly explain the purpose of the splint to the individual and family.
Maintain a pattern and directions for future use.
26)

A client who has a swan-neck deformity would have the most difficulty:

(2pts)
Question 26 - A client who has a swan-neck deformity would have the most difficulty:
Washing dishes.
Placing coins in a vending machine.
Dusting a table.
Applying body lotion.
27)

When fabricating a resting hand splint, the pattern should:

(2pts)
Question 27 - When fabricating a resting hand splint, the pattern should:
Resemble a mitten.
Be slightly larger than the hand outline.
Exactly match the hand outline.
Be slightly smaller than the hand outline.
28)

An individual who recently received radiation in the area of the head and neck drools, pockets
food, and coughs. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 28 - An individual who recently received radiation in the area of the head and neck drools, pockets food, and coughs. The OTA should:
Ignore the signs because they are a common result of radiation.
Recognize the signs of dysphasia and provide appropriate intervention.
Ask the physician if the individual requires a feeding tube.
Instruct the individual to chew food thoroughly and increase liquids.
29)

 An OTA is observing an individual during cooking activity and notices that the individual has
deficits related to unilateral ideomotor apraxia. Which of the following activities would
indicate a deficit?

(2pts)
Question 29 -  An OTA is observing an individual during cooking activity and notices that the individual has deficits related to unilateral ideomotor apraxia. Which of the following activities would indicate a deficit?
Disregarding ingredients placed on the left side of the counter
Inability to initiate movement to turn the handle on a manual can opener
Unable to discriminate if ingredients are on the right or left side
Inability to initiate movement when asked to walk to the oven and turn it on
30)

An OTA is working with an individual who has a stroke and complains of shoulder pain during passive range of motion (PROM). The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 30 - An OTA is working with an individual who has a stroke and complains of shoulder pain during passive range of motion (PROM). The OTA should:
Provide full mobility of the scapula, clavicle, and humerus.
Provide full mobility of the scapula and the elbow.
Notify the occupational therapist.
Discontinue range of motion.
31)

 An OTA can contribute to the assessment of muscle strength by:

(2pts)
Question 31 -  An OTA can contribute to the assessment of muscle strength by:
Assisting the occupational therapist by holding the extremity in the proper position.
Observing difficulties that signal weakness, muscle imbalance, low endurance, or substitute motions during ADL.
Isolating the muscles through positioning, stabilization, and control of the movement pattern.
Assessing passive ROM to determine the movement of the joint.
32)

An OTA is working with an individual who has blurred vision. During a cooking activity, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 32 - An OTA is working with an individual who has blurred vision. During a cooking activity, the OTA should:
Ask a family member to participate.
Work with the individual in a group setting.
Restrict use of the stove.
Limit the number of items used.
33)

An individual with a spinal cord injury becomes dizzy and complains of nausea when coming
from supine to an upright position. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 33 - An individual with a spinal cord injury becomes dizzy and complains of nausea when coming from supine to an upright position. The OTA should:
Drain the individual’s leg bag.
Remove restrictive binders.
Recline the individual quickly.
Call for medical assistance.
34)

An OTA who would like to work with individuals with burn-related injuries should:

(2pts)
Question 34 - An OTA who would like to work with individuals with burn-related injuries should:
Become familiar with local practices and regulations related to the role of the OTA.
Seek one-on-one direct supervision by an occupational therapist who has extensive experience.
Complete specialized training before applying for a position.
Provide intervention that includes only interviewing and documentation.
35)

A person who has multiple sclerosis and tires easily prefers to bake cookies with her granddaughter rather than clean her house. This is an example of:

(2pts)
Question 35 - A person who has multiple sclerosis and tires easily prefers to bake cookies with her granddaughter rather than clean her house. This is an example of:
Values that motivate behavior
Habits that one has over a lifetime.
Her former role that is important to her.
Interests that are enjoyable.
36)

An OTA is asked to fabricate a splint using a new material. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 36 - An OTA is asked to fabricate a splint using a new material. The OTA should:
Ask the occupational therapist to fabricate the splint.
Mold a sample to become familiar with the material.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations step by step.
Refuse to fabricate the splint until instruction is provided.
37)

When fabricating a splint with material that has a high level of drapability, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 37 - When fabricating a splint with material that has a high level of drapability, the OTA should:
Use material specifically indicated for large splints.
Wear gloves to prevent leaving marks on the material.
Stroke the material and keep the hands moving during molding.
Quickly push the material into place.
38)

An individual with a TBI has difficulty swallowing and chokes frequently. Before discharge, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 38 - An individual with a TBI has difficulty swallowing and chokes frequently. Before discharge, the OTA should:
Provide the individual with a handout on dietary restrictions.
Post signs reading “no liquids” as a visual cue.
Educate the family on dietary restrictions.
Provide constant verbal cues on swallowing.
39)

Using the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) approach to increase speed and accuracy during a functional activity, the OTA should instruct an individual to:

(2pts)
Question 39 - Using the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) approach to increase speed and accuracy during a functional activity, the OTA should instruct an individual to:
Practice repeating the movement until it becomes smooth and coordinated.
Look at visual stimuli to coordinate movements and listen for verbal commands.
Use diagonal movements.
Repeat the steps of an activity aloud.
40)

An OTA is using a dynamometer to measure grip strength. To ensure an accurate measurement, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 40 - An OTA is using a dynamometer to measure grip strength. To ensure an accurate measurement, the OTA should:
Take three trials and determine the mean.
Set the handle in the third position.
Ask the occupational therapist to complete a measurement and compare findings.
Take the measurement while the individual is standing.
41)

An individual with a TBI becomes frustrated and irritable during OT treatment sessions. The
OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 41 - An individual with a TBI becomes frustrated and irritable during OT treatment sessions. The OTA should:
Return the individual to his room.
Engage the individual in group activities.
Schedule the session after physical therapy
Plan short, relevant, successful activities.
42)

An OTA is instructing an individual who had a total hip replacement on toileting. The OTA
should recommend that the individual use:

(2pts)
Question 42 - An OTA is instructing an individual who had a total hip replacement on toileting. The OTA should recommend that the individual use:
A regular toilet that is low.
A regular toilet that has extra height.
A commode chair.
A bedpan and urinal.
43)

An individual who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and recently came out of a coma
is being seen by occupational therapy in an acute care setting. The INITIAL intervention
should focus on:

(2pts)
Question 43 - An individual who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and recently came out of a coma is being seen by occupational therapy in an acute care setting. The INITIAL intervention should focus on:
Safety.
Cognition.
Memory.
Sensory.
44)

An OTA is working in a rehabilitation setting with an individual who has postpolio syndrome
who leads an active lifestyle. When planning an exercise program, the OTA should
recommend:

(2pts)
Question 44 - An OTA is working in a rehabilitation setting with an individual who has postpolio syndrome who leads an active lifestyle. When planning an exercise program, the OTA should recommend:
Strenuous exercises on a daily basis.
Exercises that focus on long-term strengthening.
Regular routine or nonfatiguing exercise.
An exercise program at a local gym.
45)

An individual with an SCI is interested in using adaptive equipment to increase function in
ADL. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 45 - An individual with an SCI is interested in using adaptive equipment to increase function in ADL. The OTA should:
Provide training on several types of multipurpose adaptive equipment.
Assess the need for equipment and teach modified techniques.
Order all necessary equipment to increase independence in ADL.
Discuss the individual’s financial resources with the case manager.
46)

The OTA is teaching a client an exercise program to do at home. The OTA should recommend that the client:

(2pts)
Question 46 - The OTA is teaching a client an exercise program to do at home. The OTA should recommend that the client:
Exercise before going to bed at night.
Exercise first thing in the morning.
Exercise when the person feels limber and has the least amount of pain.
Exercise twice a day and stop when pain is intolerable.
47)

An OTA is ordering a wheelchair for an individual who has orthopedic problems and lower
 extremity edema. Which of the following footrests would best meet the individual’s needs?

(2pts)
Question 47 - An OTA is ordering a wheelchair for an individual who has orthopedic problems and lower  extremity edema. Which of the following footrests would best meet the individual’s needs?
Elevated
Swing away
Solid
Fixed
48)

An OTA is working in a rehabilitation setting with an individual who has lung cancer and is
dependent on oxygen. While providing ADL treatment, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 48 - An OTA is working in a rehabilitation setting with an individual who has lung cancer and is dependent on oxygen. While providing ADL treatment, the OTA should:
Limit activity until oxygen is discontinued.
Continually assess the individual’s ability to participate in all activities.
Monitor activity tolerance using a pulse oximeter.
Request that oxygen be discontinued during activities.
49)

 Manual muscle testing is a primary evaluation tool for individuals who have:

(2pts)
Question 49 -  Manual muscle testing is a primary evaluation tool for individuals who have:
Any disease where decreased strength and endurance are involved.
Upper motor neuron disorders, such as cerebral palsy and CVA.
Loss of upper extremity function and decreased ability to perform ADL.
Lower motor neuron disorders, muscle diseases, and orthopedic dysfunction.
50)

What does the muscle grade 3/5 mean

(2pts)
Question 50 - What does the muscle grade 3/5 mean
Poor
Normal
Fair
Fair minus
51)

An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who attempts to put on a jacket before
putting on a blouse or bra. The OTA should plan intervention with a focus on:

(2pts)
Question 51 - An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who attempts to put on a jacket before putting on a blouse or bra. The OTA should plan intervention with a focus on:
Begin activities using simple short steps progressing to multiple steps
Dressing techniques using the compensatory method.
Start with complex activities with three or more steps and decrease steps.
Dressing techniques using the NDT approach.
52)

An OTA is working with an individual who neglects one side of the body and has problems
with dressing. Using a remedial approach, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 52 - An OTA is working with an individual who neglects one side of the body and has problems with dressing. Using a remedial approach, the OTA should:
Approach the individual from the neglected side and place clothing on the same side.
Ask the individual to dress in front of a mirror and provide consistent cues.
Place clothing on the unaffected side and approach the individual from the same side.
Sit in front of the individual and hand the clothing in correct order.
53)

 An OTA is working with an individual who has hypotonia with no movement in the upper
extremity. The OTA should ask the individual to:

(2pts)
Question 53 -  An OTA is working with an individual who has hypotonia with no movement in the upper extremity. The OTA should ask the individual to:
Clasp both hands together and drink from a cup
Weight shift from side to side
Clasp both hands together and reach up to hit a balloon
Bear weight on the arm and reach to the floor to pick up a book
54)

When recording joint ROM, it is important to:

(2pts)
Question 54 - When recording joint ROM, it is important to:
Compare ROM with others who are the same age.
Use the unaffected extremity to determine what is normal for each person.
Record the measurement related to the normal ranges using the 180-degree method.
Record the starting position except when it is not 0.
55)

An individual with a fingertip amputation is experiencing hypersensitivity. The OTA should provide intervention with a focus on:

(2pts)
Question 55 - An individual with a fingertip amputation is experiencing hypersensitivity. The OTA should provide intervention with a focus on:
Drawing shapes on a terry cloth towel.
Buttoning a shirt.
Picking up coins.
Manipulating checkers.
56)

 An OTA is working in an intensive care unit with an individual on a respirator. To assist the
individual in communication, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 56 -  An OTA is working in an intensive care unit with an individual on a respirator. To assist the individual in communication, the OTA should:
Introduce a low-tech communication board.
Teach the individual basic sign language.
Ask a speech therapist to provide a means of communication.
Train the individual how to use an electronic aide.
57)

Normal joint ROM for Shoulder Flexion is what:

(2pts)
Question 57 - Normal joint ROM for Shoulder Flexion is what:
0-150
0-170
0-120
0-90
58)

An OTA is working with an individual who continually talks with other therapists and looks
out the window at passing traffic during treatment in the OT clinic. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 58 - An OTA is working with an individual who continually talks with other therapists and looks out the window at passing traffic during treatment in the OT clinic. The OTA should:
Ask the occupational therapist to treat the individual.
Speak firmly and redirect the individual to the task.
Redirect the individual and continue to help her adapt to the current environment.
Plan for future treatment to occur in a quiet environment.
59)

An OTA is observing an individual during a grooming activity and notices that the individual
has deficits related to asomatognosia. Which of the following activities would indicate a
deficit?

(2pts)
Question 59 - An OTA is observing an individual during a grooming activity and notices that the individual has deficits related to asomatognosia. Which of the following activities would indicate a deficit?
Inability to shave the entire face, neglecting one side
Difficulty holding a hairbrush and dropping it
Washing the face in the same place repetitively without moving on to other parts
Inability to spontaneously bring the hand to the mouth when brushing teeth
60)

An individual who has difficulty with visual acuity would benefit from:

(2pts)
Question 60 - An individual who has difficulty with visual acuity would benefit from:
Long panels of fluorescent lights.
Motion lights throughout the home.
Multiple lamps throughout the home.
A single bulb can light.
61)

An OTA is teaching an individual to use an electronic aid to daily living (EADL). The OTA
should INITIALLY assess the individual’s ability to:

(2pts)
Question 61 - An OTA is teaching an individual to use an electronic aid to daily living (EADL). The OTA should INITIALLY assess the individual’s ability to:
Understand which control operates which device.
Operate the controls only when they are not fatigued.
Operate a wall current control.
Recognize colors and codes.
62)

An OTA is working in a setting with children and is ordering a wheelchair for a 10-year-old
 child. The OTA should FIRST consider:

(2pts)
Question 62 - An OTA is working in a setting with children and is ordering a wheelchair for a 10-year-old  child. The OTA should FIRST consider:
Custom decorating so the child is accepted by peers.
The child’s growth, ability to propel the chair, and options for custom seating.
The physical ability of the child’s parents to manage the wheelchair.
The color of the frame based on the gender.
63)

An individual with HIV is concerned about dying and not having enough time to enjoy time with family and friends. The OTA should suggest interventions that address:

(2pts)
Question 63 - An individual with HIV is concerned about dying and not having enough time to enjoy time with family and friends. The OTA should suggest interventions that address:
Strengthening programs combined with rest periods.
Leisure activities to help keep the mind occupied.
Prioritizing goals and ways to best use time.
Spiritual interventions to help plan for death.
64)

An individual who fell while visiting from out of town will be returning home shortly after
     discharge. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 64 - An individual who fell while visiting from out of town will be returning home shortly after      discharge. The OTA should:
Ask the family to send photographs of the individual’s home.
Ask the individual to draw the bathroom and recommend equipment.
Refer the individual to a home health agency near her home.
Recommend that the PT discuss discharge plans.
65)

An individual with stroke has difficulty starting to wash her face and requires verbal cues to
restart after stopping. The OTA should provide:

(2pts)
Question 65 - An individual with stroke has difficulty starting to wash her face and requires verbal cues to restart after stopping. The OTA should provide:
Written verbal cues.
Step-by-step assistance.
Physical assistance.
Repeated demonstration.
66)

An OTA is working with an individual who has sensory loss in the hand and enjoys working
with hand tools. The OTA should teach the individual to:

(2pts)
Question 66 - An OTA is working with an individual who has sensory loss in the hand and enjoys working with hand tools. The OTA should teach the individual to:
Hold the tools in a manner to prevent ulnar deviation.
Apply light force, use built-up handles, and change tools frequently.
Avoid tasks that involve using several tools.
Use tools only when a family member supervises use.
67)

An OTA is instructing an individual’s family on bed mobility. The OTA should emphasize that:

(2pts)
Question 67 - An OTA is instructing an individual’s family on bed mobility. The OTA should emphasize that:
Turning toward the affected side is easier than turning toward the unaffected side.
The individual should initially be taught to roll to both sides.
The caregiver should provide maximal assistance to ensure success.
Turning toward the unaffected side is easier than turning toward the affected side.
68)

 An OTA is working with a person who is experiencing stress related to adjusting to a physical
     disability. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 68 -  An OTA is working with a person who is experiencing stress related to adjusting to a physical      disability. The OTA should:
Persuade the person to take on new roles.
Refer the person to a psychologist for appropriate medications.
Refer the person to a relaxation group.
Find out how the person managed stress in the past and use those strategies.
69)

An OTA is working with an individual who has myasthenia gravis. The OTA should monitor changes that include:

(2pts)
Question 69 - An OTA is working with an individual who has myasthenia gravis. The OTA should monitor changes that include:
Gross motor activities using the hand.
Muscle strength, fatigue level, and effects of medication.
Pain that affects the ability to do ADL.
Cognitive function, especially short-term memory loss.
70)

An individual who has a burn-related injury is receiving OT in an acute care setting. The OTA should focus the initial treatment on:

(2pts)
Question 70 - An individual who has a burn-related injury is receiving OT in an acute care setting. The OTA should focus the initial treatment on:
ADL training as tolerated.
Desensitizing and massage.
Fabricating splints and edema management.
Family training and home modification.
71)

An OTA who works in a skilled nursing facility is asked to measure a patient and determine
what type of wheelchair to order. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 71 - An OTA who works in a skilled nursing facility is asked to measure a patient and determine what type of wheelchair to order. The OTA should:
Ask the occupational therapist to complete the measurement.
Ask the PT or PTA to complete the measurement.
Ask a representative from a rehabilitation technology supply company to complete the measurement.
Complete the measurement if service competency has been established.
72)

An individual has difficulty in visual scanning and walks into walls. The OTA should
recommend scanning the room in a:

(2pts)
Question 72 - An individual has difficulty in visual scanning and walks into walls. The OTA should recommend scanning the room in a:
Right to left pattern.
Left to right rectangular pattern.
Left to right pattern.
Circular clockwise pattern.
73)

An individual who has diplopia should:

(2pts)
Question 73 - An individual who has diplopia should:
Scan the environment frequently.
Close one eye.
Wear dark glasses.
Complete eye exercises daily.
74)

An OTA is providing training to an individual on using an alternative keyboard layout. To
help the individual achieve success, the OTA should INITIALLY suggest:

(2pts)
Question 74 - An OTA is providing training to an individual on using an alternative keyboard layout. To help the individual achieve success, the OTA should INITIALLY suggest:
Using e-mail and playing word games.
Typing in a chat room.
Ordering event tickets online that involves typing a secret code in a short period of time.
Chatting to several people at one time via instant messaging.
75)

An OTA is working with an individual who has dyspnea and is unable to speak without gasping for air. When reporting the incident, the OTA should provide information on the:

(2pts)
Question 75 - An OTA is working with an individual who has dyspnea and is unable to speak without gasping for air. When reporting the incident, the OTA should provide information on the:
Precipitating factors.
Individual’s breathing pattern.
Environment where the activity took place.
Length of time the activity lasted.
This is the end of the test. You can go back and review/change your answers, or you can submit your work. Once you submit the test for grading you will not be able to change your answers and will not be able to review the questions or answers until the graded test is returned to you.