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  • Final Exam Exam in Unit 1
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  • Length: 75 questions
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Exam
1)

An OTA is working with an individual with a brain injury in a rehabilitation setting. During a
homemaking activity, the individual put the blankets on before the sheets and laid the
pillowcases on top of the pillows. This would indicate a deficit in:

(2pts)
Question 1 - An OTA is working with an individual with a brain injury in a rehabilitation setting. During a homemaking activity, the individual put the blankets on before the sheets and laid the pillowcases on top of the pillows. This would indicate a deficit in:
Constructional apraxia.
Ideomotor apraxia.
Right left discrimination.
Body scheme.
2)

When fabricating a splint with material that has a high level of drapability, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 2 - When fabricating a splint with material that has a high level of drapability, the OTA should:
Use material specifically indicated for large splints.
Wear gloves to prevent leaving marks on the material.
Stroke the material and keep the hands moving during molding.
Quickly push the material into place.
3)

An OTA is teaching an individual to independently negotiate a ramp. The OTA should instruct
 the individual to:

(2pts)
Question 3 - An OTA is teaching an individual to independently negotiate a ramp. The OTA should instruct  the individual to:
Lean slightly forward while propelling the wheelchair.
Start on a flat surface and gain speed when approaching the ramp.
Move up the ramp backward using the lower extremity to move the wheelchair.
Keep the breaks engaged slightly in case the wheelchair rolls backward.
4)

An OTA is treating an individual who complains of dizziness and that his skin feels cold and clammy. The OTA should INITIALLY:

(2pts)
Question 4 - An OTA is treating an individual who complains of dizziness and that his skin feels cold and clammy. The OTA should INITIALLY:
Monitor the individual for 10 minutes to see if the symptoms subside.
Stop the activity, have the individual rest, and seek medical help if the symptoms do not resolve.
Change the activity to one that is less strenuous.
Transfer the individual to the wheelchair and return him to his room.
5)

When fabricating a resting hand splint, the pattern should:

(2pts)
Question 5 - When fabricating a resting hand splint, the pattern should:
Be slightly larger than the hand outline.
Exactly match the hand outline.
Resemble a mitten.
Be slightly smaller than the hand outline.
6)

An individual with severe spasticity who does not respond to medication and passive range of
motion may require:

(2pts)
Question 6 - An individual with severe spasticity who does not respond to medication and passive range of motion may require:
Active assistive range of motion.
Additional bed rest.
Serial casting to increase elbow flexion.
Serial casting to increase elbow extension.
7)

When recording joint ROM, it is important to:

(2pts)
Question 7 - When recording joint ROM, it is important to:
Record the measurement related to the normal ranges using the 180-degree method.
Record the starting position except when it is not 0.
Use the unaffected extremity to determine what is normal for each person.
Compare ROM with others who are the same age.
8)

An individual, who is receiving chemotherapy, becomes alarmed when abnormal bleeding occurs while brushing her teeth. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 8 - An individual, who is receiving chemotherapy, becomes alarmed when abnormal bleeding occurs while brushing her teeth. The OTA should:
Explain that abnormal bleeding is one of the side effects of chemotherapy when platelet count is low and may last a few days.
Immediately report the bleeding to the physician.
Explain that bleeding is normal and may continue for several weeks.
Ask the individual if she would prefer to only rinse her mouth instead of brushing her teeth until the bleeding stops.
9)

 During a hygiene activity, the OTA observes an individual overreaching for the toothpaste
and knocking over the mouthwash. The OTA should inform the OT supervisor that the
individual may have deficits related to:

(2pts)
Question 9 -  During a hygiene activity, the OTA observes an individual overreaching for the toothpaste and knocking over the mouthwash. The OTA should inform the OT supervisor that the individual may have deficits related to:
Dysmetria
Dyssynergia
Ataxia
Athetoid movements
10)

An OTA is instructing an individual who had a total hip replacement on toileting. The OTA
should recommend that the individual use:

(2pts)
Question 10 - An OTA is instructing an individual who had a total hip replacement on toileting. The OTA should recommend that the individual use:
A bedpan and urinal.
A regular toilet that has extra height.
A regular toilet that is low.
A commode chair.
11)

An OTA is working with an individual who is receiving palliative care. To help the individual deal with issues concerning death, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 11 - An OTA is working with an individual who is receiving palliative care. To help the individual deal with issues concerning death, the OTA should:
Refer the individual to a spiritual counselor to avoid talking about death.
Suggest ways to say goodbye to family and friends and incorporate activities into treatment, such as creating memory books.
Discourage the individual from bargaining because it is unrealistic
Discourage displacing anger because it may be outwardly directed at objects or the OTA.
12)

An OTA is working in an outpatient setting with an individual in phase two cardiac rehabilitation. The intervention plan should focus on:

(2pts)
Question 12 - An OTA is working in an outpatient setting with an individual in phase two cardiac rehabilitation. The intervention plan should focus on:
Education related to postsurgical procedures.
Exercise that can be advanced when closely monitored.
Interventions to alleviate depression.
Low-level physical activity.
13)

An OTA is working with an individual who had an MI and is teaching relaxation and breathing control. The individual does not want to participate, stating that “this doesn’t help me.” The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 13 - An OTA is working with an individual who had an MI and is teaching relaxation and breathing control. The individual does not want to participate, stating that “this doesn’t help me.” The OTA should:
Ask the occupational therapist to treat the individual.
Discontinue the treatment and ask the individual to choose another activity.
Document the incident and report the incident at the next team meeting.
Explain that skills in relaxing and breathing control will decrease hospitalization and cost less.
14)

An individual with HIV is concerned about dying and not having enough time to enjoy time with family and friends. The OTA should suggest interventions that address:

(2pts)
Question 14 - An individual with HIV is concerned about dying and not having enough time to enjoy time with family and friends. The OTA should suggest interventions that address:
Strengthening programs combined with rest periods.
Spiritual interventions to help plan for death.
Prioritizing goals and ways to best use time.
Leisure activities to help keep the mind occupied.
15)

An individual who had an SCI 20 years ago has lost considerable function. When planning
intervention, the OTA should consider:

(2pts)
Question 15 - An individual who had an SCI 20 years ago has lost considerable function. When planning intervention, the OTA should consider:
The level of help needed from a caregiver.
Long-term placement.
How future aging affects function.
The cost of adaptive equipment.
16)

An OTA is working with an individual who continually talks with other therapists and looks
out the window at passing traffic during treatment in the OT clinic. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 16 - An OTA is working with an individual who continually talks with other therapists and looks out the window at passing traffic during treatment in the OT clinic. The OTA should:
Redirect the individual and continue to help her adapt to the current environment.
Ask the occupational therapist to treat the individual.
Speak firmly and redirect the individual to the task.
Plan for future treatment to occur in a quiet environment.
17)

An OTA is working with an individual who had a total hip replacement and refuses to wear antiembolus hosiery, stating that they are uncomfortable. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 17 - An OTA is working with an individual who had a total hip replacement and refuses to wear antiembolus hosiery, stating that they are uncomfortable. The OTA should:
Ask the surgeon to talk to the individual.
Ask the occupational therapist to talk to the individual.
Explain that the hosiery provides intermittent pneumatic compression to the legs to prevent edema.
Explain that the hosiery is necessary to prevent edema and assist with circulation and reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis.
18)

An individual with central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction would like to resume watercolor painting. Using the Rood theory, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 18 - An individual with central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction would like to resume watercolor painting. Using the Rood theory, the OTA should:
Provide intervention that initially strengthens heavy-work muscles.
Ask the individual to shift weight during the activity.
Ask the individual to stand while painting.
Ask the individual to initially paint using finger paints.
19)

An OTA is conducting a home evaluation for an individual who has multiple sclerosis. The
focus should include:

(2pts)
Question 19 - An OTA is conducting a home evaluation for an individual who has multiple sclerosis. The focus should include:
Family involvement and discussion of future placement.
Remodeling and community resources.
Caregiver training and disease education.
Fall prevention, adaptive devices, and simple modifications.
20)

An OTA is teaching an individual to use an electronic aid to daily living (EADL). The OTA
should INITIALLY assess the individual’s ability to:

(2pts)
Question 20 - An OTA is teaching an individual to use an electronic aid to daily living (EADL). The OTA should INITIALLY assess the individual’s ability to:
Understand which control operates which device.
Operate a wall current control.
Recognize colors and codes.
Operate the controls only when they are not fatigued.
21)

 An OTA is working with a patient and is using a board with buttons and fasteners. The patient
asks, “Why am I buttoning a board?” The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 21 -  An OTA is working with a patient and is using a board with buttons and fasteners. The patient asks, “Why am I buttoning a board?” The OTA should:
Explain that this is a preliminary activity and will follow with buttoning a sweater.
Encourage the patient to participate and explain the benefits.
Explain that you need to observe the patient buttoning to report on coordination skills to the occupational therapist.
Grade the activity and have the patient use smaller buttons so that she feels challenged.
22)

An individual who has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has upper extremity weakness and
decreased balance. The individual would like to prepare a simple meal. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 22 - An individual who has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has upper extremity weakness and decreased balance. The individual would like to prepare a simple meal. The OTA should:
Teach the individual to delegate tasks that he may not be able to complete successfully.
Suggest that the individual focus on exercise to improve strength.
Provide adaptive equipment to carry objects and teach energy conservation techniques.
Ask a family member to attend therapy and provide assistance to the individual to help him meet his goal.
23)

An individual is having difficulty managing fasteners on clothing. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 23 - An individual is having difficulty managing fasteners on clothing. The OTA should:
Explore a variety of methods or assistive devices.
Ask the occupational therapist to treat the individual.
Ask the individual’s spouse to assist.
Use standard techniques to solve the problem.
24)

An individual who has a head injury frequently displays behavioral problems. The individual would benefit from:

(2pts)
Question 24 - An individual who has a head injury frequently displays behavioral problems. The individual would benefit from:
A strong emotional response from the staff to demonstrate the inappropriateness of the behavior.
Medication to help control the behavior and counseling from a staff member who has training to work with inappropriate behaviors.
Refraining from attending any therapy until the individual is able to monitor behavior and act in an appropriate manner.
Consistent, specific, direct feedback regarding the inappropriateness of the behavior from all people working with the individual.
25)

An OTA is working on a cooking activity with an individual who has touch toe weight-bearing restrictions. The OTA should describe this restriction as:

(2pts)
Question 25 - An OTA is working on a cooking activity with an individual who has touch toe weight-bearing restrictions. The OTA should describe this restriction as:
The individual should imagine that an egg is under his foot.
The individual can determine the amount of weight to put on the operated leg without causing pain.
The individual should not place any weight on his operated leg.
Half of the body weight can be placed on the operated leg.
26)

An individual with an SCI is interested in using adaptive equipment to increase function in
ADL. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 26 - An individual with an SCI is interested in using adaptive equipment to increase function in ADL. The OTA should:
Discuss the individual’s financial resources with the case manager.
Order all necessary equipment to increase independence in ADL.
Assess the need for equipment and teach modified techniques.
Provide training on several types of multipurpose adaptive equipment.
27)

An individual with MS who experiences fatigue may benefit from:

(2pts)
Question 27 - An individual with MS who experiences fatigue may benefit from:
A warm bath.
Progressive resistive exercises.
Inactivity when tired.
Wearing a cooling garment.
28)

An OTA is working with an individual who has blurred vision. During a cooking activity, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 28 - An OTA is working with an individual who has blurred vision. During a cooking activity, the OTA should:
Restrict use of the stove.
Ask a family member to participate.
Limit the number of items used.
Work with the individual in a group setting.
29)

An individual who has significant limitations will require several caregivers to assist with
ADL and health management. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 29 - An individual who has significant limitations will require several caregivers to assist with ADL and health management. The OTA should:
Educate the individual on how to direct care.
Provide a notebook of resources and written directions before discharge.
Videotape the ADL techniques for consistency.
Suggest that the individual hire caregivers that are from the same culture.
30)

An OTA who works in a skilled nursing facility is asked to measure a patient and determine
what type of wheelchair to order. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 30 - An OTA who works in a skilled nursing facility is asked to measure a patient and determine what type of wheelchair to order. The OTA should:
Ask a representative from a rehabilitation technology supply company to complete the measurement.
Ask the occupational therapist to complete the measurement.
Ask the PT or PTA to complete the measurement.
Complete the measurement if service competency has been established.
31)

An OTA is instructing an individual’s family on bed mobility. The OTA should emphasize that:

(2pts)
Question 31 - An OTA is instructing an individual’s family on bed mobility. The OTA should emphasize that:
The caregiver should provide maximal assistance to ensure success.
Turning toward the affected side is easier than turning toward the unaffected side.
The individual should initially be taught to roll to both sides.
Turning toward the unaffected side is easier than turning toward the affected side.
32)

An individual who has diplopia should:

(2pts)
Question 32 - An individual who has diplopia should:
Wear dark glasses.
Close one eye.
Scan the environment frequently.
Complete eye exercises daily.
33)

An OTA is working with an individual who is a housekeeper at a large hotel and is using a wheelchair for mobility after breaking a leg. The BEST therapeutic activity to help prepare for returning to work would be:

(2pts)
Question 33 - An OTA is working with an individual who is a housekeeper at a large hotel and is using a wheelchair for mobility after breaking a leg. The BEST therapeutic activity to help prepare for returning to work would be:
Clean the hospital room, simulating all the tasks involved in the individual’s job.
Practice dusting the furniture using adaptive equipment.
Practice picking items off the floor using a reacher.
Clean the hospital room and focus on the tasks the individual can do with minimal assistance from the OTA.
34)

An OTA is working with an individual who has myasthenia gravis. The OTA should monitor changes that include:

(2pts)
Question 34 - An OTA is working with an individual who has myasthenia gravis. The OTA should monitor changes that include:
Gross motor activities using the hand.
Muscle strength, fatigue level, and effects of medication.
Pain that affects the ability to do ADL.
Cognitive function, especially short-term memory loss.
35)

An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who attempts to put on a jacket before
putting on a blouse or bra. The OTA should plan intervention with a focus on:

(2pts)
Question 35 - An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who attempts to put on a jacket before putting on a blouse or bra. The OTA should plan intervention with a focus on:
Dressing techniques using the NDT approach.
Begin activities using simple short steps progressing to multiple steps
Start with complex activities with three or more steps and decrease steps.
Dressing techniques using the compensatory method.
36)

A person who has multiple sclerosis and tires easily prefers to bake cookies with her granddaughter rather than clean her house. This is an example of:

(2pts)
Question 36 - A person who has multiple sclerosis and tires easily prefers to bake cookies with her granddaughter rather than clean her house. This is an example of:
Habits that one has over a lifetime.
Interests that are enjoyable.
Values that motivate behavior
Her former role that is important to her.
37)

An OTA is observing an individual during a grooming activity and notices that the individual
has deficits related to asomatognosia. Which of the following activities would indicate a
deficit?

(2pts)
Question 37 - An OTA is observing an individual during a grooming activity and notices that the individual has deficits related to asomatognosia. Which of the following activities would indicate a deficit?
Inability to spontaneously bring the hand to the mouth when brushing teeth
Difficulty holding a hairbrush and dropping it
Washing the face in the same place repetitively without moving on to other parts
Inability to shave the entire face, neglecting one side
38)

An OTA is working with an individual who has dyspnea and is unable to speak without gasping for air. When reporting the incident, the OTA should provide information on the:

(2pts)
Question 38 - An OTA is working with an individual who has dyspnea and is unable to speak without gasping for air. When reporting the incident, the OTA should provide information on the:
Precipitating factors.
Environment where the activity took place.
Individual’s breathing pattern.
Length of time the activity lasted.
39)

Using the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) approach to increase speed and accuracy during a functional activity, the OTA should instruct an individual to:

(2pts)
Question 39 - Using the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) approach to increase speed and accuracy during a functional activity, the OTA should instruct an individual to:
Repeat the steps of an activity aloud.
Use diagonal movements.
Practice repeating the movement until it becomes smooth and coordinated.
Look at visual stimuli to coordinate movements and listen for verbal commands.
40)

 An OTA is observing an individual during cooking activity and notices that the individual has
deficits related to unilateral ideomotor apraxia. Which of the following activities would
indicate a deficit?

(2pts)
Question 40 -  An OTA is observing an individual during cooking activity and notices that the individual has deficits related to unilateral ideomotor apraxia. Which of the following activities would indicate a deficit?
Disregarding ingredients placed on the left side of the counter
Unable to discriminate if ingredients are on the right or left side
Inability to initiate movement to turn the handle on a manual can opener
Inability to initiate movement when asked to walk to the oven and turn it on
41)

An individual who uses a wheelchair is unable to detect pain sensation. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 41 - An individual who uses a wheelchair is unable to detect pain sensation. The OTA should:
Stress the importance of repositioning and checking the skin for breakdown.
Suggest that the individual sit in a regular chair during meals.
Encourage the individual to learn to use a walker.
Ask a family member to remind the individual to do pressure relief every 30 minutes.
42)

 An OTA is working with an individual who has hypotonia with no movement in the upper
extremity. The OTA should ask the individual to:

(2pts)
Question 42 -  An OTA is working with an individual who has hypotonia with no movement in the upper extremity. The OTA should ask the individual to:
Weight shift from side to side
Clasp both hands together and drink from a cup
Clasp both hands together and reach up to hit a balloon
Bear weight on the arm and reach to the floor to pick up a book
43)

An OTA is working with a woman with a spinal cord injury who is newly married and would
like to plan a family. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 43 - An OTA is working with a woman with a spinal cord injury who is newly married and would like to plan a family. The OTA should:
Provide information on complications related to pregnancy and childbirth.
Ask the individual to discuss the topic with the occupational therapist.
Inform the individual that females with an SCI can conceive and give birth.
Refer the individual to the physician.
44)

The benefits of administering standardized tests include:

(2pts)
Question 44 - The benefits of administering standardized tests include:
They provide for creativity.
They are cost effective because the OTA can administer the tests.
They are easy to administer following specific directions.
They are normed, reliable, and valid.
45)

An OTA is working with an individual who experienced trauma to the brachial plexus and has axillary nerve damage. During bathing, the individual may experience limitations in the ability to:

(2pts)
Question 45 - An OTA is working with an individual who experienced trauma to the brachial plexus and has axillary nerve damage. During bathing, the individual may experience limitations in the ability to:
Reach down to turn the faucet.
Wash the upper body a circular motion.
Reach staring up to adjust the showerhead.
Reach across the body to wash.
46)

An OTA is ordering a wheelchair for an individual who has orthopedic problems and lower
 extremity edema. Which of the following footrests would best meet the individual’s needs?

(2pts)
Question 46 - An OTA is ordering a wheelchair for an individual who has orthopedic problems and lower  extremity edema. Which of the following footrests would best meet the individual’s needs?
Solid
Swing away
Fixed
Elevated
47)

An OTA is working with an individual who enjoys gardening, especially planting tulip and daffodil bulbs, and experiences pain while planting. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 47 - An OTA is working with an individual who enjoys gardening, especially planting tulip and daffodil bulbs, and experiences pain while planting. The OTA should:
Suggest that the individual grow indoor plants that do not require planting.
Suggest that the individual break the task into small steps.
Encourage the individual to ask a friend to plant the bulbs.
Encourage the individual to pursue a new leisure activity.
48)

An OTA is working with an individual who has sensory loss in the hand and enjoys working
with hand tools. The OTA should teach the individual to:

(2pts)
Question 48 - An OTA is working with an individual who has sensory loss in the hand and enjoys working with hand tools. The OTA should teach the individual to:
Avoid tasks that involve using several tools.
Hold the tools in a manner to prevent ulnar deviation.
Use tools only when a family member supervises use.
Apply light force, use built-up handles, and change tools frequently.
49)

An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who has a sublexed GH joint. During a
tabletop activity, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 49 - An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who has a sublexed GH joint. During a tabletop activity, the OTA should:
Apply a sling.
Let the arm dangle.
Tape the head of the humerus.
Position the arm on the table.
50)

An individual has difficulty in visual scanning and walks into walls. The OTA should
recommend scanning the room in a:

(2pts)
Question 50 - An individual has difficulty in visual scanning and walks into walls. The OTA should recommend scanning the room in a:
Circular clockwise pattern.
Left to right pattern.
Left to right rectangular pattern.
Right to left pattern.
51)

A sensorimotor treatment approach that uses sensory stimulation to effect motor responses is  known as:

(2pts)
Question 51 - A sensorimotor treatment approach that uses sensory stimulation to effect motor responses is  known as:
Rood.
Brunnstrom.
Bobath.
Movement therapy.
52)

An individual who has a burn-related injury is receiving OT in an acute care setting. The OTA should focus the initial treatment on:

(2pts)
Question 52 - An individual who has a burn-related injury is receiving OT in an acute care setting. The OTA should focus the initial treatment on:
ADL training as tolerated.
Desensitizing and massage.
Family training and home modification.
Fabricating splints and edema management.
53)

 Manual muscle testing is a primary evaluation tool for individuals who have:

(2pts)
Question 53 -  Manual muscle testing is a primary evaluation tool for individuals who have:
Lower motor neuron disorders, muscle diseases, and orthopedic dysfunction.
Upper motor neuron disorders, such as cerebral palsy and CVA.
Loss of upper extremity function and decreased ability to perform ADL.
Any disease where decreased strength and endurance are involved.
54)

 An OTA is working in a home health setting and is teaching a family member proper
positioning and joint protection for an individual with hypotonia. The OTA should emphasize
the importance of:

(2pts)
Question 54 -  An OTA is working in a home health setting and is teaching a family member proper positioning and joint protection for an individual with hypotonia. The OTA should emphasize the importance of:
Stimulating specific muscle groups.
Preventing trauma to joint structures.
Balancing using weights to increase strength with exercise.
Using physical agent modalities.
55)

An OTA is instructing an individual who had a total hip replacement, anterolateral, approach
to come to stand from a seated position. The OTA should instruct the individual to:

(2pts)
Question 55 - An OTA is instructing an individual who had a total hip replacement, anterolateral, approach to come to stand from a seated position. The OTA should instruct the individual to:
Avoid external rotation, adduction, and extension.
Avoid putting weight on the operated leg.
Use a walker or crutches for 3 to 6 weeks.
Avoid hip flexion greater than 90 degrees internal rotation and adduction.
56)

An OTA is working with a young male who lost his leg in a car accident. Despite his
limitations, he is a member of his high school snow boarding team and plans to resume
surfing. This individual would be described as having a:

(2pts)
Question 56 - An OTA is working with a young male who lost his leg in a car accident. Despite his limitations, he is a member of his high school snow boarding team and plans to resume surfing. This individual would be described as having a:
Strong family support system.
Strong commitment to form habits.
Strong social support system.
Strong sense of being in control of his life.
57)

An OTA is working with an individual in a home health setting. The family reports that the
individual can remember a fishing trip from 2 years ago but cannot remember the names of
family members. The OTA should inform the family that the individual has deficits in:

(2pts)
Question 57 - An OTA is working with an individual in a home health setting. The family reports that the individual can remember a fishing trip from 2 years ago but cannot remember the names of family members. The OTA should inform the family that the individual has deficits in:
Long-term memory, but perspective memory is intact.
Working memory, but long-term memory is intact.
Everyday memory, but long-term memory is intact.
Both declarative and semantic memory.
58)

An individual with a TBI has difficulty swallowing and chokes frequently. Before discharge, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 58 - An individual with a TBI has difficulty swallowing and chokes frequently. Before discharge, the OTA should:
Provide the individual with a handout on dietary restrictions.
Educate the family on dietary restrictions.
Post signs reading “no liquids” as a visual cue.
Provide constant verbal cues on swallowing.
59)

An OTA is working with an individual with PD. The individual has tremors and would like
to continue meeting with friends for afternoon tea. The OTA should suggest:

(2pts)
Question 59 - An OTA is working with an individual with PD. The individual has tremors and would like to continue meeting with friends for afternoon tea. The OTA should suggest:
Propping the elbow on the table and keeping arms against the trunk.
Drinking tea from an unbreakable glass using a straw.
Using an adapted cup with built-up handles.
Using a child’s cup with two handles and built-in straw.
60)

 An OTA is working in an intensive care unit with an individual on a respirator. To assist the
individual in communication, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 60 -  An OTA is working in an intensive care unit with an individual on a respirator. To assist the individual in communication, the OTA should:
Train the individual how to use an electronic aide.
Teach the individual basic sign language.
Ask a speech therapist to provide a means of communication.
Introduce a low-tech communication board.
61)

An OTA is teaching a family member how to take a person in a wheelchair up a curb. The OTA should recommend:

(2pts)
Question 61 - An OTA is teaching a family member how to take a person in a wheelchair up a curb. The OTA should recommend:
Tipping the wheelchair back and lifting the front casters onto the curb.
Removing the footplates and placing the castors on the curb.
Tipping the wheelchair back and asking a second person to pull the chair firmly.
Pulling the wheelchair up over the curb with the person facing backward.
62)

An OTA is working with an individual who has problems following motor commands and initiating familiar activities, such as dressing. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 62 - An OTA is working with an individual who has problems following motor commands and initiating familiar activities, such as dressing. The OTA should:
Use a mirror and have the individual identify clothing and body parts.
Place clothing on a bedcover that is a contrasting color.
Place materials on the affected side and approach the individual from the same side.
Provide short concrete repetitive instructions, including demonstration and tactile input.
63)

 An OTA is treating an individual with trace muscle strength. This indicates that the individual
should be able to perform ADL with:

(2pts)
Question 63 -  An OTA is treating an individual with trace muscle strength. This indicates that the individual should be able to perform ADL with:
Independently.
Minimal assistance from another person.
The aid of externally powered devices.
Maximum assistance.
64)

An OTA is working in a rehabilitation setting with an individual who has postpolio syndrome
who leads an active lifestyle. When planning an exercise program, the OTA should
recommend:

(2pts)
Question 64 - An OTA is working in a rehabilitation setting with an individual who has postpolio syndrome who leads an active lifestyle. When planning an exercise program, the OTA should recommend:
Strenuous exercises on a daily basis.
An exercise program at a local gym.
Regular routine or nonfatiguing exercise.
Exercises that focus on long-term strengthening.
65)

When designing a splint, the OTA should FIRST:

(2pts)
Question 65 - When designing a splint, the OTA should FIRST:
Address functional limitations that may be created by wearing the splint.
Maintain a pattern and directions for future use.
Make several of the same splints to be used in the future.
Thoroughly explain the purpose of the splint to the individual and family.
66)

An individual with a spinal cord injury becomes dizzy and complains of nausea when coming
from supine to an upright position. The OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 66 - An individual with a spinal cord injury becomes dizzy and complains of nausea when coming from supine to an upright position. The OTA should:
Remove restrictive binders.
Drain the individual’s leg bag.
Call for medical assistance.
Recline the individual quickly.
67)

An OTA is teaching an individual to use speech recognition. The training should focus on:

(2pts)
Question 67 - An OTA is teaching an individual to use speech recognition. The training should focus on:
Methods to speak words the same way every time.
Consistent and accurate methods used to correct errors.
Reading the onscreen text.
Ways to deal with frustration while using the system.
68)

An OTA is using a dynamometer to measure grip strength. To ensure an accurate measurement, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 68 - An OTA is using a dynamometer to measure grip strength. To ensure an accurate measurement, the OTA should:
Take three trials and determine the mean.
Ask the occupational therapist to complete a measurement and compare findings.
Set the handle in the third position.
Take the measurement while the individual is standing.
69)

An individual who has difficulty with visual acuity would benefit from:

(2pts)
Question 69 - An individual who has difficulty with visual acuity would benefit from:
Multiple lamps throughout the home.
Long panels of fluorescent lights.
A single bulb can light.
Motion lights throughout the home.
70)

The OTA is teaching a client an exercise program to do at home. The OTA should recommend that the client:

(2pts)
Question 70 - The OTA is teaching a client an exercise program to do at home. The OTA should recommend that the client:
Exercise when the person feels limber and has the least amount of pain.
Exercise twice a day and stop when pain is intolerable.
Exercise before going to bed at night.
Exercise first thing in the morning.
71)

An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who has mild neglect. The OTA should
suggest that the individual:

(2pts)
Question 71 - An OTA is working with an individual with stroke who has mild neglect. The OTA should suggest that the individual:
Watch videotapes of himself doing functional activities.
Use a mirror for feedback.
Label garments for identification.
Wear jewelry on the affected side.
72)

An individual with a spinal cord injury lacks adequate musculature to support the wrist and
hand. To promote function, the OTA should:

(2pts)
Question 72 - An individual with a spinal cord injury lacks adequate musculature to support the wrist and hand. To promote function, the OTA should:
Develop a graded weight program.
Teach the individual self range of motion.
Fabricate a splint using lightweight material.
Fabricate a short opponens splint to promote tenodesis.
73)

An OTA who would like to work with individuals with burn-related injuries should:

(2pts)
Question 73 - An OTA who would like to work with individuals with burn-related injuries should:
Seek one-on-one direct supervision by an occupational therapist who has extensive experience.
Complete specialized training before applying for a position.
Become familiar with local practices and regulations related to the role of the OTA.
Provide intervention that includes only interviewing and documentation.
74)

An OTA is working with an individual who extends the affected arm to prevent falling after
losing balance when reaching to turn on the water. This is an example of:

(2pts)
Question 74 - An OTA is working with an individual who extends the affected arm to prevent falling after losing balance when reaching to turn on the water. This is an example of:
Protective reaction.
Weight bearing.
Automatic movement.
Motor performance.
75)

A client who has a swan-neck deformity would have the most difficulty:

(2pts)
Question 75 - A client who has a swan-neck deformity would have the most difficulty:
Applying body lotion.
Dusting a table.
Washing dishes.
Placing coins in a vending machine.
This is the end of the test. You can go back and review/change your answers, or you can submit your work. Once you submit the test for grading you will not be able to change your answers and will not be able to review the questions or answers until the graded test is returned to you.